Zhu Danxi (also known as Zhu Zhenheng; 1280-1358 A.D.)- Zhu believed that people suffered from chronic disease mainly due to overindulgence in pleasurable things and activities, resulting in debility of the yin essence. He therefore recommended temperence and use of tonic formulas, especially those that nourished the kidney and liver.
Zhang Zihe(1156-1228 A.D.) - Zhang is known as the developer of the "attacking school" of Chinese medicine, emphasizing the use of diaphoretics, emetics, and purgatives to attack the pathogen and drive it out of the body. This was actually a revival of the early Han Dynasty technqiues that were based on driving out demons.
Liu Wansu observed the high frequency of fever and inflammation in serious diseases and promoted the idea of using herbs of cooling nature to treat these conditions. This was a step in the opposite direction of many of his predecessors, who focused on using warming herbs. This work had much influence on the later concept of "wen bing" or epidemic febrile diseases, which corresponded to (and preceeded) the Western concept of contageous disease. He also undertook a detailed study of the Nei Ching Su Wen [Nei Jing Su Wen], describing the etiology of disease in relation to the teachings of that...
Li Dongyuan,(also known as Li Gao; 1180-1252 A.D.) - Li is best known for his thesis that most diseases were due to injury to the stomach/spleen system, which occured as the result of intemperance in eating and drinking, overwork, and the seven emotions. His well-known book Pi Wei Lun (Treatise on the Stomach and Spleen) presented one of the most widely used traditional formulas: Ginseng and Astragalus Combination (Buzhong Yiqi Tang).
Qian Yi (around 1032 to 1113) was a famous pediatrician in Shandong during the Northern Song Dynasty. The Key to Therapeutics of Children's Diseases written by Qian Yi is the first pediatric book extant in China, which for the first time summarizes therapy treatment based on differentiation of pediatric syndromes, thus developing pediatrics into an independent branch of knowledge. The later generations regarded it as a classic pediatric work and honored Qian Yi "the Sage of Pediatrics" or "the Originator of Pediatrics".
Li Shizhen was a great medical and pharmaceutical expert. He was born in the reign of Emperor Zhengde of the Ming Dynasty (1518) in Qichun, Hubei Province. Compendium of Materia Medica, revised and compiled by him, is a great collection of traditional Chinese herbal medicine. It is called ¡°the Great Pharmacopoeia in the East¡±.