This snack are popular in the northern parts of China .It named Tanhulu in China. This appear on the street corners in autumn and winter, sold by hawkers, they are welcomed and enjoyed both old and young.
They are made of various kinds of small fruits—haws, crabapples, water chestnuts, grapes or yam. First the fruits are trimmed and cleaned, they are then stringed one after another on a slender bamboo stick and coated in a bath of rock-sugar syrup. As soon as the toffee hardens, the tanghulu is ready. A tanghulu is generally made of six or seven of such fruits or, in the case of yam, one length of 5 or 6 inches. With the crisp sugar coating, it look bright and inviting, and it generally tastes sweet and sourish.
Crataegus, commonly called hawthorn, is a well-known herb in traditional Chinese medicine and is an herb remedy in cultures throughout much of the world where there is a temperate climate supporting growth of the trees, especially in Europe. The species used in China, Crataegus pinnatifida, differs from that which is relied upon as a source of the Western herb, obtained mainly from Crataegus monogyna and Crataegus oxycantha. Western herbalists primarily use hawthorn for treatment of heart disease; this application has been adopted by Chinese herbalists as well. In ancient times, the Chinese herbalists mainly used crataegus (shanzha) to improve digestion; for the past thirty years, Western applications of crataegus have been verified by Chinese researchers and added to its list of applications in Chinese medicine. Numerous Chinese formulations now incorporate the herb for strengthening heart function, lowering blood lipids, and dilating blood vessels to promote blood circulation.
The fruit is the main part of the crataegus plant used in Chinese medicine. The fruit is sold whole (processed with sugar) and has also been made into several popular food products in the form of sugared strips that are eaten as a confection. Crataegus juice has also been manufactured into fruit drinks and soft drinks (see appendix) and into a vinegar product.
The herbs are ground to powder and made into pills with water; the dosage is 6-9 grams each time, and this is best taken with a decoction of germinated barley (malt: maiya; which is sometimes simply listed as an ingredient of the formula). The formula was developed for treatment of abdominal fullness due to “food retention,” a situation where the food that has been consumed is not digesting well. As a result of this indigestion, one feels no further appetite, and may have belching, acid regurgitation, and/or diarrhea; there will often be pressure felt in the lower intestine. While originally used for persistent digestive problems, the formula is often used today simply to relieve fullness that follows overeating or consumption of a meal that is difficult to digest. A slightly modified version is the Great Tranquility Pill (Da An Wan), which adds white atractylodes to the formulation. And, a much simplified version of Bao He Wan was also developed, called Major Crataegus Pill (Da Shanzha Wan), consisting of just three ingredients: crataegus (77%), shen-chu (11.5%), and malt (11.5%). The indications are the same as for Bao He Wan. Although these variants are far less commonly used than Bao He Wan, the focus on crataegus in these formulas (35% of Bao He Wan and 32% of Da An Wan) indicates that it is likely the primary active component.
The reputation of crataegus is that it promotes the digestion of meat and fatty foods. The presumed mechanism of action is to stimulate the production or activities of enzymes (such as proteases and lipases) that digest these food substances and/or stimulate production of bile, which especially assists the digestion of fats. The fruit contains small amounts of lipase and one of the fruit constituents, crataegolic acid, is reported to increase the activity of proteolytic enzymes. However, it is unclear whether there is sufficient content of these compounds to significantly enhance digestion of fats and proteins and the mechanism of action may rely on other active ingredients.
In Western herbalism, crataegus fruit, leaf, and flower have all had a long history of use for treating cardiac weakness, and this has become a focus on modern research efforts (2). Controlled clinical trials are in the early stages, but evidence to date indicates that crataegus is an aid to persons with chronic heart failure. It appears to improve the left ventricular function and, as a result, improve exercise capacity and tolerance (3). In addition, crataegus provides many of the benefits attributed to Chinese herbs that are “blood vitalizers:” reducing blood lipids, improving blood circulation, and alleviating hypertension (via vasodilation). These effects may be attributed primarily to the flavonoids of crataegus.
he herbs are ground to powder, and made into pills with honey; the dosage of the herb powder to be taken each time is about 6.6 grams. It is intended to dilate the blood vessels, improve blood circulation, and reduce blood lipids. It is mainly used for coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, and post-stroke syndrome (CAUTION: this formulation could interact with blood thinners such as Warfarin, to decrease platelet action). Another fruit, hippophae (shaji), has been developed into a similar cardiovascular therapy, and it also contains flavonoids as active components. Some modern herb products combine crataegus and hippophae to promote cardiovascular health.
1.Clean all hawthorns and strung together a bunch of one by one.
2. Brush the peanut oil on top of the stainless steel tray
3.Heat up with water and sugar in the pan until boiling,heat down and keep stirring until the sugar is set (clear and sticky.Make it into a viscous liquid-like transparent, when the dishes of the liquid drops down into a filament to the time.)
4.Add in the sesame seeds then slowly cooked until started out evenly to form a yellow bubble.
5. Put fruit skewers into the sugar liquid, make sure the surface all have sugar liquid, then take out put onto the tray, until cool down.
6. Use knife to remove the fruit skewers from the tray.