Ni Kuang, a prolific Chinese novelist and screenwriter
Born May 30, 1935 (1935-05-30) (age 74)
Ni Kuang (also known as Ngai Hong, I Kuang or Yi Kuang) (Chinese: 倪匡) (born May 30, 1935 in Ningbo, Zhejiang, China) is a prolific Chinese novelist and screenwriter, with more than 300 published martial arts and science fiction novels and more than 400 movie scripts. He is the brother of another popular romance novelist, Yi Shu.
Born as Ni Chong (Chinese: 倪聪), he grew up in Shanghai. He worked as a public security official in the 1950s in Inner Mongolia before moving to Hong Kong in 1957.
His science fiction stories, which have been enjoyed by generations of juvenile readers in Hong Kong, usually take the form of mystery - at the end the unexplainable is often explained by pointing to the doings of extraterrestrial life. The most famous heroes in his science fiction stories, which have been adapted into TV dramas and films, are Wai See-lei (or Wisely 韦斯利) and Yuen Tsang-hop (or Dr. Yuen 原振侠). In their adventures, critics of communism are common. Wai See-lei was born in a wealthy and traditional big family, somewhere in the south-eastern region of Yangtze River. Here he was trained with many kinds of martial arts. He became an orphan early, but he has no financial concerns. After he had grown up, he moved to Hong Kong, got married with the daughter of the head of underground society, and his adventures became international, sometimes even intersolar. Wai's stories take first person narrative.
Ni wrote many scripts for Shaw Brothers Studio, and often co-wrote scripts with Chang Cheh, including hits such as One-Armed Swordsman, The Assassin and Crippled Avengers.
Ni helped Jin Yong to write episodes of his martial arts novels when Cha was busying himself with other business; and, according to the late Wong Jim, that was the reason why Cha, dissatisfied with Ni's often wild extemporisations, had to revise his novels. It is known that Ni had written at least an extended episode in Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils, when Cha was out on holidays abroad, although much of it was excised in Cha's first revision. Ni, while helping Cha write a chapter while he was busy, made A Zi, a character from Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils, blind in the story. Cha has since re-edited his swordfighting works.
Ni Kuang later migrated to the United States in the 1990s and has continued his writing career there. In 2006, Ni and his wife moved back to Hong Kong after he sold his home in the United States.
Ni Kuang's son Joe Nieh works in the entertainment industry in Hong Kong and is the boyfriend of Vivian Chow.